The trickle of water in the background can have a very calming effect on one, and this is probably one of the reasons that water features have become increasingly popular in recent years. They can also support a wide assortment of wildlife that requires no taking care of, making the garden a center of interest. Water features can be anything from a simple fountain to an elaborate pond with aquatic plants and fish, so the first thing is to make the decision as to exactly what type of feature you want. Think very carefully about the proposed location of a pond. It should be placed close enough for it to be easily seen from the house or patio, but not too close to allow runoff water to enter it – this can contain harmful organic or inorganic compounds that may endanger fish or water-plants. If you are going to have water lilies in it, it must be placed where it will receive at least 5 hours’ sunshine a day.
If you are considering gracing the water feature with a fountain or waterfall, it is imperative that you also include a filter – this must be a biological filter if you are going to keep fish in the pond. Water circulation is essential for both water plants and fish, and it is from this that you will get that pleasant background trickle sound. It is vital to spend time planning your water features well before starting to build them. You will need to know dimensions of pumps and filters and to plan any extra ditches the pond will need when you dig it out.